UV exposure and your eyes

Most people realise the importance of protecting their skin against the harmful effects of UV light and use sun protection when outdoors. What they may not realise is that damage is also being done to your eyes.

But, unlike your skin, your eyes cannot repair themselves and once the damage has been done, it is permanent.

Exposure to UV without eye protection can cause:
Cataracts – Cloudiness that forms in the lens of the eye
Pterygium – Tissue growth on the white of the eye
Skin Cancer near the eyes
Photokeratitis – Sunburn of the Cornea

Everyone is susceptible to sun damage, but there are a few groups that have a higher risk. They include children under 10 years old as their eyes are not able to stop as much UV damage to the retina as an adult.

Other groups include:
People with retinal disorders
Cataract surgery patients
People taking medications which increase glare sensitivity
People with lighter pigmented eyes

To protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays, good quality sunglasses should be worn every time you are enjoying the outdoors during the day all year round.

SUN AND EYES 2 cute kids with big sunglasses big smiles

Although the harmful effects are 3 times greater in the summer, you still need to wear protection in the winter months.